The 26-year-old will not play cricket again this year, opting for a long rest instead. His injury will be assessed in the autumn.
Even if Archer is fit, he will play white-ball cricket for a while so his progress can be monitored.
With a back ailment, pace bowler Olly Stone is already a concern for the Ashes.
Archer’s injury is England’s latest blow, following all-rounder Ben Stokes’ announcement last week that he will take a “indefinite hiatus” from the game to focus on his mental health.
In October and November, the World Cup will be held in the United Arab Emirates and Oman, before the five-match Ashes series begins in December.
Archer’s absence was a “big disappointment for Jofra and the team,” according to England bowler James Anderson.
He remarked, “He’s been a pretty influential component of our team.” “He’ll be a major loss for the rest of the year’s events.
“This injury has been bothering him for a long time, so perhaps this is the final straw. We want him back in top shape and ready to go.”
Sir Alastair Cook, a former England captain, told BBC Test Match Special: “It’s causing him a great deal of concern.
“England have their best-laid plans of rest, rotation, and preparation in place to ensure that these guys are fit enough to fly to Australia with a battery of fast bowlers.”
“It’s bad news for Jofra Archer,” BBC cricket correspondent Jonathan Agnew remarked. On a personal level, this is devastating news.
“It’s again another devastating loss for England.” It’s the equivalent of a hammer stroke.
“At the very least, there was a chance he’d make the T20 World Cup.”
“He’s such a seasoned T20 cricketer, and England are heavy favourites to win.”
“With his Indian Premier League experience, he’s been so seasoned in subcontinent conditions in T20 cricket,” Cook noted. It’s a real pity. It must be a nightmare.”
Archer, a Sussex batsman who has played 13 Tests and 12 Twenty20 internationals for England, last appeared in a T20 series in India in March.
He had surgery to remove a bone fragment from his right elbow in May. The procedure had nothing to do with a stress fracture that had been detected in early 2020.
Last month, Archer returned to Sussex, but he experienced more difficulty when playing in the T20 Blast against Kent and a friendly against Oxfordshire.
He would have been an important component of England’s assault at the World Cup, as one of the best T20 fast bowlers in the world, especially in Australia, where extra pace is sorely needed.
It’s anticipated that Archer’s recent stint on the bench will address the problem, and he’s believed to be in good spirits and mindful of the need for patience.
“It saddens me that we may not see him again in Test cricket,” former England skipper Michael Vaughan remarked. I hope this isn’t the case, but it’s a strong possibility.”
“If he thinks ‘every time I bowl it hurts, I can’t bowl lengthy spells,’ he might rule out long-ball cricket and stick to T20 cricket,” Cook said.
“And you can’t blame him for not being able to do it because his body won’t let him.”